Norovirus is the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide and is also a major cause of food borne illness. It spreads rapidly and causes vomiting and diarrhea that lead to many ED visits. Hopefully this brief episode will enrich the discussions that you have with patients and their families when making the diagnosis of viral gastroenteritis.
O’Ryan ML, Peña A, Vergara R, Díaz J, Mamani N, Cortés H, Lucero Y, Vidal R, Osorio G, Santolaya ME, Hermosilla G, Prado VJ. Prospective characterization of norovirus compared with rotavirus acute diarrhea episodes in chilean children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010 Sep;29(9):855-9. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181e8b346. PMID: 20581736.
King CK, Glass R, Bresee JS, et al. Managing acute gastroenteritis among children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. MMWR Recomm Rep 2003; 52:1.
Wilhelmi I, Roman E, Sánchez-Fauquier A. Viruses causing gastroenteritis. Clin Microbiol Infect 2003; 9:247.
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