When we think of managing agitated patients we think of medicines – but that shouldn’t be our first option. However, medications can be adjuncts to non-pharmacologic means to help keep agitated children safe from harm. This podcast episode hosted by Brad Sobolewski (@PEMTweets) and co-authored by Dennis Ren (@DennisRenMD) is all about age-appropriate pharmacologic management strategies for agitated children. It is also episode 3 in a 5 episode series focused on agitation in children and adolescents.
After listening to this episode you will be able to:
- Discuss the medications commonly used to treat acute agitation in children and adolescents
- Discuss the different routes of administration to safely administer these medicines
This episode is a co-production of the Emergency Medical Services for Children Innovation and Improvement Center whose mission is to minimize morbidity and mortality of acutely ill and injured children across the emergency continuum.
EMDocs.net – the excellent Emergency Medicine site will also be contributing a supplementary article for each episode that will be posted each Friday following the release of the podcast episode. These articles will take another look at the content included in this episode.
Special thanks to Manpreet Singh, MD (@MprizzleER) for helping to put this collaboration together.
Other Episodes in the Agitation Series
Episode 5: Management of the child with mental health problems who is boarded in the Emergency Department (Coming June 14, 2023)
To learn more about the Emergency Medical Services for Children Innovation and Improvement Center visit https://emscimprovement.center
Follow on Twitter @EMSCImprovement
PEAK Agitation resources
- EIIC/TREKK: Care of the Agitated Patient Algorithm
- EIIC/TREKK: Agitation Medication Dosing Recommendation Table
- EIIC: De-escalation Tips for Pediatric Agitation Infographic
- EIIC: Emergency Department Management of the Agitated Pediatric Patient Interactive Learning Module
- EIIC: Agitation in Neurodivergent Patients with Drs. Alice Kuo and Ilene Claudius Podcast
- EIIC: Safe Control of the Agitated Patient Webinar Series with Dr. Marianne Gausche-Hill
- New England EMSC: New England Regional Behavioral Health Toolkit
Gerson R, Malas N, Feuer V, Silver GH, Prasad R, Mroczkowski MM. Best Practices for Evaluation and Treatment of Agitated Children and Adolescents (BETA) in the Emergency Department: Consensus Statement of the American Association for Emergency Psychiatry. West J Emerg Med. 2019 Mar;20(2):409-418. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2019.1.41344. Epub 2019 Feb 19. Erratum in: West J Emerg Med. 2019 May;20(3):537. Erratum in: West J Emerg Med. 2019 Jul;20(4):688-689. PMID: 30881565; PMCID: PMC6404720.
Foster AA, Saidinejad M, Duffy S, Hoffmann JA, Goodman R, Monuteaux MC, Li J. Pediatric Agitation in the Emergency Department: A Survey of Pediatric Emergency Care Coordinators. Acad Pediatr. 2023 Mar 21:S1876-2859(23)00091-8. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2023.03.005. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36948291.
Wong AH, Ray JM, Eixenberger C, Crispino LJ, Parker JB, Rosenberg A, Robinson L, McVaney C, Iennaco JD, Bernstein SL, Yonkers KA, Pavlo AJ. Qualitative study of patient experiences and care observations during agitation events in the emergency department: implications for systems-based practice. BMJ Open. 2022 May 11;12(5):e059876. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-059876. PMID: 35545394; PMCID: PMC9096567.
New A, Tucci VT, Rios J. A Modern-Day Fight Club? The Stabilization and Management of Acutely Agitated Patients in the Emergency Department. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2017 Sep;40(3):397-410. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2017.05.002. PMID: 28800797.
The Emergency Medical Services for Children Innovation and Improvement Center is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as part of an award (U07MC37471) totaling $3M with 0 percent financed with nongovernmental sources. The contents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement, by HRSA, HHS, or the U.S. Government. For more information, please visit HRSA.gov.